Manipulating Queries with read_query()

The read_query() function is called once for each query submitted by the client and accepts a single argument, the query packet that was provided. To access the content of the packet, you must parse the packet contents manually.

For example, you can intercept a query packet and print out the contents using the following function definition:

function read_query( packet )
        if packet:byte() == proxy.COM_QUERY then
                print("we got a normal query: " .. packet:sub(2))

This example checks the first byte of the packet to determine the type. If the type is COM_QUERY (see Server Command Constants), we extract the query from the packet and print it. The structure of the packet type supplied is important. In the case of a COM_QUERY packet, the remaining contents of the packet are the text of the query string. In this example, no changes have been made to the query or the list of queries that will ultimately be sent to the MySQL server.

To modify a query, or add new queries, you must populate the query queue (proxy.queries), then execute the queries that you have placed into the queue. If you do not modify the original query or the queue, the query received from the client is sent to the MySQL server verbatim.

When adding queries to the queue, you should follow these guidelines:

  • The packets inserted into the queue must be valid query packets. For each packet, you must set the initial byte to the packet type. If you are appending a query, you can append the query statement to the rest of the packet.

  • Once you add a query to the queue, the queue is used as the source for queries sent to the server. If you add a query to the queue to add more information, you must also add the original query to the queue or it will not be executed.

  • Once the queue has been populated, you must set the return value from read_query() to indicate whether the query queue should be sent to the server.

  • When you add queries to the queue, you should add an ID. The ID you specify is returned with the result set so that you identify each query and corresponding result set. The ID has no other purpose than as an identifier for correlating the query and result set. When operating in a passive mode, during profiling for example, you want to identify the original query and the corresponding result set so that the results expect by the client can be returned correctly.

  • Unless your client is designed to cope with more result sets than queries, you should ensure that the number of queries from the client match the number of results sets returned to the client. Using the unique ID and removing result sets you inserted will help.

Normally, the read_query() and read_query_result() function are used in conjunction with each other to inject additional queries and remove the additional result sets. However, read_query_result() is only called if you populate the query queue within read_query().

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