(PHP 4 >= 4.3.0, PHP 5)

stream_get_meta_dataRetrieves header/meta data from streams/file pointers


array stream_get_meta_data ( resource $stream )

Returns information about an existing stream.



The stream can be any stream created by fopen(), fsockopen() and pfsockopen().

Return Values

The result array contains the following items:

  • timed_out (bool) - TRUE if the stream timed out while waiting for data on the last call to fread() or fgets().

  • blocked (bool) - TRUE if the stream is in blocking IO mode. See stream_set_blocking().

  • eof (bool) - TRUE if the stream has reached end-of-file. Note that for socket streams this member can be TRUE even when unread_bytes is non-zero. To determine if there is more data to be read, use feof() instead of reading this item.

  • unread_bytes (int) - the number of bytes currently contained in the PHP's own internal buffer.

    Note: You shouldn't use this value in a script.

  • stream_type (string) - a label describing the underlying implementation of the stream.

  • wrapper_type (string) - a label describing the protocol wrapper implementation layered over the stream. See Supported Protocols and Wrappers for more information about wrappers.

  • wrapper_data (mixed) - wrapper specific data attached to this stream. See Supported Protocols and Wrappers for more information about wrappers and their wrapper data.

  • filters (array) - and array containing the names of any filters that have been stacked onto this stream. Documentation on filters can be found in the Filters appendix.

  • mode (string) - the type of access required for this stream (see Table 1 of the fopen() reference)

  • seekable (bool) - whether the current stream can be seeked.

  • uri (string) - the URI/filename associated with this stream.


Version Description
5.0.0 The following entries were added in the returned array: mode, seekable, and uri.
4.3.0 The following entries were added in the returned array: stream_type, wrapper_type, wrapper_data, and filters.
4.3.0 socket_get_status() is an alias for this function. Prior to PHP 4.3.0, it was used to retrieve the first four items, for socket based streams only.


Example #1 stream_get_meta_data() example


if (!
$fp fopen($url'r')) {
trigger_error("Unable to open URL ($url)"E_USER_ERROR);

$meta stream_get_meta_data($fp);



The above example will output something similar to:

    [wrapper_data] => Array
            [0] => HTTP/1.1 200 OK
            [1] => Server: Apache/2.2.3 (Red Hat)
            [2] => Last-Modified: Tue, 15 Nov 2005 13:24:10 GMT
            [3] => ETag: "b300b4-1b6-4059a80bfd280"
            [4] => Accept-Ranges: bytes
            [5] => Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
            [6] => Set-Cookie: FOO=BAR; expires=Fri, 21-Dec-2012 12:00:00 GMT; path=/;
            [6] => Connection: close     
            [7] => Date: Fri, 16 Oct 2009 12:00:00 GMT
            [8] => Age: 1164   
            [9] => Content-Length: 438

    [wrapper_type] => http
    [stream_type] => tcp_socket/ssl
    [mode] => r
    [unread_bytes] => 438
    [seekable] => 
    [uri] =>
    [timed_out] => 
    [blocked] => 1
    [eof] => 



This function does NOT work on sockets created by the Socket extension.

See Also

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