22.3.2.3. Upgrading from an Older Version

We try to keep the upgrade process as easy as possible, however as is the case with any software, sometimes changes need to be made in new versions to support new features, improve existing functionality, or comply with new standards.

This section has information about what users who are upgrading from one version of Connector/J to another (or to a new version of the MySQL server, with respect to JDBC functionality) should be aware of.

22.3.2.3.1. Upgrading from MySQL Connector/J 3.0 to 3.1

Connector/J 3.1 is designed to be backward-compatible with Connector/J 3.0 as much as possible. Major changes are isolated to new functionality exposed in MySQL-4.1 and newer, which includes Unicode character sets, server-side prepared statements, SQLState codes returned in error messages by the server and various performance enhancements that can be enabled or disabled using configuration properties.

  • Unicode Character Sets: See the next section, as well as Section 9.1, “Character Set Support”, for information on this new feature of MySQL. If you have something misconfigured, it will usually show up as an error with a message similar to Illegal mix of collations.

  • Server-side Prepared Statements: Connector/J 3.1 will automatically detect and use server-side prepared statements when they are available (MySQL server version 4.1.0 and newer).

    Starting with version 3.1.7, the driver scans SQL you are preparing using all variants of Connection.prepareStatement() to determine if it is a supported type of statement to prepare on the server side, and if it is not supported by the server, it instead prepares it as a client-side emulated prepared statement. You can disable this feature by passing emulateUnsupportedPstmts=false in your JDBC URL.

    If your application encounters issues with server-side prepared statements, you can revert to the older client-side emulated prepared statement code that is still presently used for MySQL servers older than 4.1.0 with the connection property useServerPrepStmts=false

  • Datetimes with all-zero components (0000-00-00 ...): These values can not be represented reliably in Java. Connector/J 3.0.x always converted them to NULL when being read from a ResultSet.

    Connector/J 3.1 throws an exception by default when these values are encountered as this is the most correct behavior according to the JDBC and SQL standards. This behavior can be modified using the zeroDateTimeBehavior configuration property. The permissible values are:

    • exception (the default), which throws an SQLException with an SQLState of S1009.

    • convertToNull, which returns NULL instead of the date.

    • round, which rounds the date to the nearest closest value which is 0001-01-01.

    Starting with Connector/J 3.1.7, ResultSet.getString() can be decoupled from this behavior using noDatetimeStringSync=true (the default value is false) so that you can retrieve the unaltered all-zero value as a String. It should be noted that this also precludes using any time zone conversions, therefore the driver will not allow you to enable noDatetimeStringSync and useTimezone at the same time.

  • New SQLState Codes: Connector/J 3.1 uses SQL:1999 SQLState codes returned by the MySQL server (if supported), which are different from the legacy X/Open state codes that Connector/J 3.0 uses. If connected to a MySQL server older than MySQL-4.1.0 (the oldest version to return SQLStates as part of the error code), the driver will use a built-in mapping. You can revert to the old mapping by using the configuration property useSqlStateCodes=false.

  • ResultSet.getString(): Calling ResultSet.getString() on a BLOB column will now return the address of the byte[] array that represents it, instead of a String representation of the BLOB. BLOB values have no character set, so they cannot be converted to java.lang.Strings without data loss or corruption.

    To store strings in MySQL with LOB behavior, use one of the TEXT types, which the driver will treat as a java.sql.Clob.

  • Debug builds: Starting with Connector/J 3.1.8 a debug build of the driver in a file named mysql-connector-java-[version]-bin-g.jar is shipped alongside the normal binary jar file that is named mysql-connector-java-[version]-bin.jar.

    Starting with Connector/J 3.1.9, we do not ship the .class files unbundled, they are only available in the JAR archives that ship with the driver.

    You should not use the debug build of the driver unless instructed to do so when reporting a problem or bug, as it is not designed to be run in production environments, and will have adverse performance impact when used. The debug binary also depends on the Aspect/J runtime library, which is located in the src/lib/aspectjrt.jar file that comes with the Connector/J distribution.

22.3.2.3.2. Upgrading to MySQL Connector/J 5.1.x
  • In Connector/J 5.0.x and earlier, the alias for a table in a SELECT statement is returned when accessing the result set metadata using ResultSetMetaData.getColumnName(). This behavior however is not JDBC compliant, and in Connector/J 5.1 this behavior was changed so that the original table name, rather than the alias, is returned.

    The JDBC-compliant behavior is designed to let API users reconstruct the DML statement based on the metadata within ResultSet and ResultSetMetaData.

    You can get the alias for a column in a result set by calling ResultSetMetaData.getColumnLabel(). If you want to use the old noncompliant behavior with ResultSetMetaData.getColumnName(), use the useOldAliasMetadataBehavior option and set the value to true.

    In Connector/J 5.0.x the default value of useOldAliasMetadataBehavior was true, but in Connector/J 5.1 this was changed to a default value of false.

22.3.2.3.3. JDBC-Specific Issues When Upgrading to MySQL Server 4.1 or Newer
  • Using the UTF-8 Character Encoding - Prior to MySQL server version 4.1, the UTF-8 character encoding was not supported by the server, however the JDBC driver could use it, allowing storage of multiple character sets in latin1 tables on the server.

    Starting with MySQL-4.1, this functionality is deprecated. If you have applications that rely on this functionality, and can not upgrade them to use the official Unicode character support in MySQL server version 4.1 or newer, you should add the following property to your connection URL:

    useOldUTF8Behavior=true

  • Server-side Prepared Statements - Connector/J 3.1 will automatically detect and use server-side prepared statements when they are available (MySQL server version 4.1.0 and newer). If your application encounters issues with server-side prepared statements, you can revert to the older client-side emulated prepared statement code that is still presently used for MySQL servers older than 4.1.0 with the following connection property:

    useServerPrepStmts=false

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