22.1.7.1. Connector/ODBC General Functionality

This section provides help with common queries and areas of functionality in MySQL and how to use them with Connector/ODBC.

22.1.7.1.1. Obtaining Auto-Increment Values

Obtaining the value of column that uses AUTO_INCREMENT after an INSERT statement can be achieved in a number of different ways. To obtain the value immediately after an INSERT, use a SELECT query with the LAST_INSERT_ID() function.

For example, using Connector/ODBC you would execute two separate statements, the INSERT statement and the SELECT query to obtain the auto-increment value.

INSERT INTO tbl (auto,text) VALUES(NULL,'text');
SELECT LAST_INSERT_ID();

If you do not require the value within your application, but do require the value as part of another INSERT, the entire process can be handled by executing the following statements:

INSERT INTO tbl (auto,text) VALUES(NULL,'text');
INSERT INTO tbl2 (id,text) VALUES(LAST_INSERT_ID(),'text');

Certain ODBC applications (including Delphi and Access) may have trouble obtaining the auto-increment value using the previous examples. In this case, try the following statement as an alternative:

SELECT * FROM tbl WHERE auto IS NULL;

This alternative method requires that sql_auto_is_null variable is not set to 0. See Section 5.1.4, “Server System Variables”.

See also Section 22.9.11.3, “How to Get the Unique ID for the Last Inserted Row”.

22.1.7.1.2. Dynamic Cursor Support

Support for the dynamic cursor is provided in Connector/ODBC 3.51, but dynamic cursors are not enabled by default. You can enable this function within Windows by selecting the Enable Dynamic Cursor checkbox within the ODBC Data Source Administrator.

On other platforms, you can enable the dynamic cursor by adding 32 to the OPTION value when creating the DSN.

22.1.7.1.3. Connector/ODBC Performance

The Connector/ODBC driver has been optimized to provide very fast performance. If you experience problems with the performance of Connector/ODBC, or notice a large amount of disk activity for simple queries, there are a number of aspects you should check:

  • Ensure that ODBC Tracing is not enabled. With tracing enabled, a lot of information is recorded in the tracing file by the ODBC Manager. You can check, and disable, tracing within Windows using the Tracing panel of the ODBC Data Source Administrator. Within Mac OS X, check the Tracing panel of ODBC Administrator. See Section 22.1.4.8, “Getting an ODBC Trace File”.

  • Make sure you are using the standard version of the driver, and not the debug version. The debug version includes additional checks and reporting measures.

  • Disable the Connector/ODBC driver trace and query logs. These options are enabled for each DSN, so make sure to examine only the DSN that you are using in your application. Within Windows, you can disable the Connector/ODBC and query logs by modifying the DSN configuration. Within Mac OS X and Unix, ensure that the driver trace (option value 4) and query logging (option value 524288) are not enabled.

22.1.7.1.4. Setting ODBC Query Timeout in Windows

For more information on how to set the query timeout on Microsoft Windows when executing queries through an ODBC connection, read the Microsoft knowledgebase document at http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb%3Ben-us%3B153756.

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