12.4.5.39. SHOW TRIGGERS Syntax

SHOW TRIGGERS [{FROM | IN} db_name]
    [LIKE 'pattern' | WHERE expr]

SHOW TRIGGERS lists the triggers currently defined for tables in a database (the default database unless a FROM clause is given). This statement returns results only for databases and tables for which you have the TRIGGER privilege. The LIKE clause, if present, indicates which table names to match and causes the statement to display triggers for those tables. The WHERE clause can be given to select rows using more general conditions, as discussed in Section 20.31, “Extensions to SHOW Statements”.

For the trigger ins_sum as defined in Section 19.3, “Using Triggers”, the output of this statement is as shown here:

mysql> SHOW TRIGGERS LIKE 'acc%'\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
             Trigger: ins_sum
               Event: INSERT
               Table: account
           Statement: SET @sum = @sum + NEW.amount
              Timing: BEFORE
             Created: NULL
            sql_mode:
             Definer: myname@localhost
character_set_client: latin1
collation_connection: latin1_swedish_ci
  Database Collation: latin1_swedish_ci

character_set_client is the session value of the character_set_client system variable when the trigger was created. collation_connection is the session value of the collation_connection system variable when the trigger was created. Database Collation is the collation of the database with which the trigger is associated.

Note

When using a LIKE clause with SHOW TRIGGERS, the expression to be matched (expr) is compared with the name of the table on which the trigger is declared, and not with the name of the trigger:

mysql> SHOW TRIGGERS LIKE 'ins%';
Empty set (0.01 sec)

A brief explanation of the columns in the output of this statement is shown here:

  • Trigger

    The name of the trigger.

  • Event

    The event that causes trigger activation: one of 'INSERT', 'UPDATE', or 'DELETE'.

  • Table

    The table for which the trigger is defined.

  • Statement

    The statement to be executed when the trigger is activated. This is the same as the text shown in the ACTION_STATEMENT column of INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TRIGGERS.

  • Timing

    One of the two values 'BEFORE' or 'AFTER'.

  • Created

    Currently, the value of this column is always NULL.

  • sql_mode

    The SQL mode in effect when the trigger executes.

  • Definer

    The account that created the trigger.

See also Section 20.16, “The INFORMATION_SCHEMA TRIGGERS Table”.

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