(PHP 4, PHP 5)

filetypeGets file type


string filetype ( string $filename )

Returns the type of the given file.



Path to the file.

Return Values

Returns the type of the file. Possible values are fifo, char, dir, block, link, file, socket and unknown.

Returns FALSE if an error occurs. filetype() will also produce an E_NOTICE message if the stat call fails or if the file type is unknown.


Example #1 filetype() example


echo filetype('/etc/passwd');  // file
echo filetype('/etc/');        // dir



Upon failure, an E_WARNING is emitted.


Note: The results of this function are cached. See clearstatcache() for more details.


As of PHP 5.0.0, this function can also be used with some URL wrappers. Refer to Supported Protocols and Wrappers for a listing of which wrappers support stat() family of functionality.

See Also

  • is_dir() - Tells whether the filename is a directory
  • is_file() - Tells whether the filename is a regular file
  • is_link() - Tells whether the filename is a symbolic link
  • file_exists() - Checks whether a file or directory exists
  • stat() - Gives information about a file
  • mime_content_type() - Detect MIME Content-type for a file (deprecated)

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