22.1.4.3. Configuring a Connector/ODBC DSN on Windows

The ODBC Data Source Administrator within Windows enables you to create DSNs, check driver installation and configure ODBC systems such as tracing (used for debugging) and connection pooling.

Different editions and versions of Windows store the ODBC Data Source Administrator in different locations depending on the version of Windows that you are using.

To open the ODBC Data Source Administrator in Windows Server 2003:

Tip

Because it is possible to create DSN using either the 32-bit or 64-bit driver, but using the same DNS identifier, it is advisable to include the driver being used within the DSN identifier. This will help you to identify the DSN when using it from applications such as Excel that are only compatible with the 32-bit driver. For example, you might add Using32bitCODBC to the DSN identifier for the 32-bit interface and Using64bitCODBC for those using the 64-bit Connector/ODBC driver.

  1. On the Start menu, choose Administrative Tools, and then click Data Sources (ODBC).

To open the ODBC Data Source Administrator in Windows 2000 Server or Windows 2000 Professional:

  1. On the Start menu, choose Settings, and then click Control Panel.

  2. In Control Panel, click Administrative Tools.

  3. In Administrative Tools, click Data Sources (ODBC).

To open the ODBC Data Source Administrator on Windows XP:

  1. On the Start menu, click Control Panel.

  2. In the Control Panel when in Category View click Performance and Maintenance and then click Administrative Tools.. If you are viewing the Control Panel in Classic View, click Administrative Tools.

  3. In Administrative Tools, click Data Sources (ODBC).

Irrespective of your Windows version, you should be presented the ODBC Data Source Administrator window:

ODBC Data Source
          Administrator Dialog

Within Windows XP, you can add the Administrative Tools folder to your Start menu to make it easier to locate the ODBC Data Source Administrator. To do this:

  1. Right-click the Start menu.

  2. Select Properties.

  3. Click Customize....

  4. Select the Advanced tab.

  5. Within Start menu items, within the System Administrative Tools section, select Display on the All Programs menu.

Within both Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP you may want to permanently add the ODBC Data Source Administrator to your Start menu. To do this, locate the Data Sources (ODBC) icon using the methods shown, then right-click on the icon and then choose Pin to Start Menu.

The interfaces for the 3.51 and 5.1 versions of the Connector/ODBC driver are different, although the fields and information that you need to enter remain the same.

To configure a DSN using Connector/ODBC 3.51.x or Connector/ODBC 5.1.0, see Section 22.1.4.3.1, “Configuring a Connector/ODBC 3.51 DSN on Windows”.

To configure a DSN using Connector/ODBC 5.1.1 or later, see Section 22.1.4.3.2, “Configuring a Connector/ODBC 5.1 DSN on Windows”.

22.1.4.3.1. Configuring a Connector/ODBC 3.51 DSN on Windows

To add and configure a new Connector/ODBC data source on Windows, use the ODBC Data Source Administrator:

  1. Open the ODBC Data Source Administrator.

  2. To create a System DSN (which will be available to all users) , select the System DSN tab. To create a User DSN, which will be unique only to the current user, click the Add... button.

  3. You will need to select the ODBC driver for this DSN.

    MySQL ODBC Driver
                Selection Dialog

    Select MySQL ODBC 3.51 Driver, then click Finish.

  4. You now need to configure the specific fields for the DSN you are creating through the Add Data Source Name dialog.

    Add Data Source
                Name Dialog for Connector/ODBC 3.51.x

    In the Data Source Name box, enter the name of the data source you want to access. It can be any valid name that you choose.

  5. In the Description box, enter some text to help identify the connection.

  6. In the Server field, enter the name of the MySQL server host that you want to access. By default, it is localhost.

  7. In the User field, enter the user name to use for this connection.

  8. In the Password field, enter the corresponding password for this connection.

  9. The Database pop-up should automatically populate with the list of databases that the user has permissions to access.

  10. Click OK to save the DSN.

A completed DSN configuration may look like this:

SampleMySQL ODBC DSN
            Configuration Dialog

You can verify the connection using the parameters you have entered by clicking the Test button. If the connection could be made successfully, you will be notified with a Success; connection was made! dialog.

If the connection failed, you can obtain more information on the test and why it may have failed by clicking the Diagnostics... button to show additional error messages.

You can configure a number of options for a specific DSN by using either the Connect Options or Advanced tabs in the DSN configuration dialog.

Connector/ODBC Connect Options
            Dialog

The three options you can configure are:

  • Port sets the TCP/IP port number to use when communicating with MySQL. Communication with MySQL uses port 3306 by default. If your server is configured to use a different TCP/IP port, you must specify that port number here.

  • Socket sets the name or location of a specific socket or Windows pipe to use when communicating with MySQL.

  • Initial Statement defines an SQL statement that will be executed when the connection to MySQL is opened. You can use this to set MySQL options for your connection, such as disabling autocommit.

  • Character Set is a pop-up list from which you can select the default character set to be used with this connection. The Character Set option was added in 3.5.17.

The Advanced tab enables you to configure Connector/ODBC connection parameters. Refer to Section 22.1.4.2, “Connector/ODBC Connection Parameters”, for information about the meaning of these options.

Connector/ODBC Connection Advanced
            Dialog
22.1.4.3.2. Configuring a Connector/ODBC 5.1 DSN on Windows

The DSN configuration when using Connector/ODBC 5.1.1 and later has a slightly different layout. Also, due to the native Unicode support within Connector/ODBC 5.1, you no longer need to specify the initial character set to be used with your connection.

To configure a DSN using the Connector/ODBC 5.1.1 or later driver:

  1. Open the ODBC Data Source Administrator.

  2. To create a System DSN (which will be available to all users) , select the System DSN tab. To create a User DSN, which will be unique only to the current user, click the Add... button.

  3. You will need to select the ODBC driver for this DSN.

    MySQL ODBC Driver
                Selection Dialog

    Select MySQL ODBC 5.1 Driver, then click Finish.

  4. You now need to configure the specific fields for the DSN you are creating through the Connection Parameters dialog.

    Add Data Source
                Name Dialog for Connector/ODBC 5.1

    In the Data Source Name box, enter the name of the data source you want to access. It can be any valid name that you choose.

  5. In the Description box, enter some text to help identify the connection.

  6. In the Server field, enter the name of the MySQL server host that you want to access. By default, it is localhost.

  7. In the User field, enter the user name to use for this connection.

  8. In the Password field, enter the corresponding password for this connection.

  9. The Database pop-up should automatically populate with the list of databases that the user has permissions to access.

  10. To communicate over a different TCP/IP port than the default (3306), change the value of the Port.

  11. Click OK to save the DSN.

You can verify the connection using the parameters you have entered by clicking the Test button. If the connection could be made successfully, you will be notified with a Success; connection was made! dialog.

You can configure a number of options for a specific DSN by using the Details button.

Connector/ODBC Connect Options
            Dialog

The Details button opens a tabbed display which enables you to set additional options:

  • Flags 1, Flags 2, and Flags 3 enable you to select the additional flags for the DSN connection. For more information on these flags, see Section 22.1.4.2, “Connector/ODBC Connection Parameters”.

  • Debug enables you to enable ODBC debugging to record the queries you execute through the DSN to the myodbc.sql file. For more information, see Section 22.1.4.8, “Getting an ODBC Trace File”.

  • SSL Settings configures the additional options required for using the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) when communicating with MySQL server. Note that you must have enabled SSL and configured the MySQL server with suitable certificates to communicate over SSL.

    Connector/ODBC 5.1 SSL
                Configuration

The Advanced tab enables you to configure Connector/ODBC connection parameters. Refer to Section 22.1.4.2, “Connector/ODBC Connection Parameters”, for information about the meaning of these options.

22.1.4.3.3. Errors and Debugging

This section answers Connector/ODBC connection-related questions.

  • While configuring a Connector/ODBC DSN, a Could Not Load Translator or Setup Library error occurs

    For more information, refer to MS KnowledgeBase Article(Q260558). Also, make sure you have the latest valid ctl3d32.dll in your system directory.

  • On Windows, the default myodbc3.dll is compiled for optimal performance. If you want to debug Connector/ODBC 3.51 (for example, to enable tracing), you should instead use myodbc3d.dll. To install this file, copy myodbc3d.dll over the installed myodbc3.dll file. Make sure to revert back to the release version of the driver DLL once you are done with the debugging because the debug version may cause performance issues. Note that the myodbc3d.dll isn't included in Connector/ODBC 3.51.07 through 3.51.11. If you are using one of these versions, you should copy that DLL from a previous version (for example, 3.51.06).

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